Domenico Prisa *
CREA Research Centre for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Via dei Fiori 8, 51012 Pescia, PT, and Italy.
International Journal of Science and Research Archive, 2023, 08(02), 067–073.
Article DOI: 10.30574/ijsra.2023.8.2.0219
DOI url: https://doi.org/10.30574/ijsra.2023.8.2.0219
Received on 02 February 2023; revised on 11 March 2023; accepted on 14 March 2023
Environmental phenomena often create stressful situations for plants, significantly impacting their metabolism. This can lead to development problems and, thus, drops in production and final quality. Depending on the plant, biotic and abiotic stresses can reduce average plant productivity by up to 90%. Abiotic stresses, in particular, are linked to environmental factors that are indispensable for development and production but can become limiting under certain conditions. For example, water is essential for plant growth in water stress, but deficiency can cause severe damage, as can excess, leading to water stagnation and root asphyxia, compromising final yield. All environmental factors, under extreme conditions, can be dangerous for crops, so it is necessary to know all the physiological aspects to which plants are subjected, which come into play following stress, to control it better.
Abiotic stress; Heat stress; Light intensity; Plant growth; Resilience
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