Domenico Prisa *
CREA Research Centre for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Via dei Fiori 8, 51012 Pescia, PT, Italy.
World Journal of Biology Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 2020, 04(01), 051-058.
Article DOI: 10.30574/wjbphs.2020.4.1.0085
DOI url: https://doi.org/10.30574/wjbphs.2020.4.1.0085
Received on 14 October 2020; revised on 22 October 2020; accepted on 24 October 2020
The paper presents the results of research on cacti such as Gymnocalycium baldianum, Gymnocalycium mihanovichii, Notocactus eugeniae and Notocactus leninghausii, aimed at improving plant growth and defense against the pathogenic fungus Fusarium sp., through the use of Gigaspora margarita inoculated in the growing medium.
Objectives of the work were: i) use Gigaspora margarita to assess if the use of arbuscular mycorrhizae can lead to an increase in the growth rate of Notocactus and Gymnocalycium, plants generally slow in their growth cycle; ii) to evaluate if the use of mycorrhizae can lead to an extension of the duration of the flower, to promote pollination of bees; iii) to assess if the use of Gigaspora Margarita allows greater protection of the roots against the fungus Fusarium sp. which often affects the roots of these cacti. The two experimental groups in cultivation were: i) group without arbuscular michorriza, irrigated with water and substrate previously fertilized; group with Gigaspora Margarita, irrigated with water and substrate previously fertilized.
All plants treated with Gigaspora margarita showed a significant increase in plant height and circumference, vegetative and root weight of the plants, number of new suckers, number of flowers and fruits and flower life. In addition, there was significant control of the fungus Fusarium sp. in plants in which Gigaspora margarita was inoculated into the substrate, in fact a reduced infection of the roots due to this pathogen was found. The application of mycorrhiza in the cultivation of plants can guarantee the possibility to obtain a higher quality product, a higher resistance to biotic stress, an increase in growth rate, very interesting aspects in the succulent and cactus plants sector.
Sustainable applications; Biostimulant; Microorganisms; Cactus; Arbuscular Mycorrhiza
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